Tu Phung Tran, Le Vu Dinh Phi, Diep Thanh Hoa


In the global fight against the rapid spread of COVID-19, a variety of unprecedented preventive measures have been implemented across the globe, as well as in Vietnam. How Vietnamese people respond to threats to their health and life remains unclear. For this reason, the current study aims to examine Vietnamese people’s protective behavior and its factors. Based on 1,798 online survey respondents’ data collected on the last three days of the nationwide social distancing campaign in mid-April, it is found that gender, knowledge of COVID-19 and preventive measures, and attitudes towards the COVID-19 prevention policies are the three main factors of participants’ protective behaviors. We also find that males are less likely than females to adopt precautionary measures. People who are knowledgeable about COVID-19 may have inappropriate practices towards it. Further research is needed to examine other determinants of protective behaviors to provide more useful information for authorities, public health policy-makers, and healthcare workers to deliver the best practices to control COVID-19 in our country.


COVID-19; Factors associated with protective behaviors; Legal policies; Social distancing policies.

Full Text:



Azlan, A. A., Hamzah, M. R., Sern, T. J., Ayub, S. H., & Mohamad, E. (2020). Public knowledge, attitudes and practices towards COVID-19: A cross-sectional study in Malaysia. PLoS ONE, 15(5), 1-15.

Báo Bộ Nội vụ. (2020). Thủ tướng: Sự chấp hành của người dân là yếu tố quan trọng nhất.

Báo Dân Trí. (2020). Thủ tướng: Tranh thủ giai đoạn vàng, quyết liệt chống dịch Covid-19.

Báo Điện tử 24H. (2020). Bộ Y tế lý giải vì sao 16 bệnh nhân nhiễm Covid-19 tại Việt Nam đều khỏi bệnh.

Báo Điện tử Chính phủ Nước cộng hòa xã hội chủ nghĩa Việt Nam. (2020). Thủ tướng chỉ thị: Cách ly toàn xã hội từ 0 giờ 1/4 trên phạm vi toàn quốc.

Báo Điện tử Đài Tiếng nói Việt Nam. (2020). Việt Nam ghi nhận ca nhiễm Covid-19 thứ 17.

Báo Lao động Thủ đô. (2020). Kiểm soát chặt việc xuất, nhập cảnh.

Báo Tuổi trẻ. (2020a). Dịch COVID-19 chiều 15-4: Không ca nhiễm mới, 171 người đã ra viện.

Báo Tuổi trẻ. (2020b). Từ 0h ngày 18-3, tạm ngừng cấp thị thực cho người nước ngoài nhập cảnh Việt Nam.

Caixinwang. (2020). Pneumonia Diary: a pneumonia outbreak in Wuhan.

Chen, N., Zhou, M., Dong, X., Qu, J., Gong, F., Han, Y., Qiu, Y., Wang, J., Liu, Y., Wei, Y., Xia, J., Yu, T., Zhang, X., & Zhang, L. (2020). Epidemiological and clinical characteristics of 99 cases of 2019 novel coronavirus pneumonia in Wuhan, China: A descriptive study. The Lancet, 395, 507-513.

Clubb, A. C., & Hinkle, J. C. (2015). Protection motivation theory as a theoretical framework for understanding the use of protective measures. Criminal Justice Studies, 28(3), 336-355.

Cổng thông tin điện tử của Bộ Y tế Việt Nam (2020). Cẩm nang hỏi-đáp thông tin về bệnh viêm đường hô hấp cấp do chủng mới vi rút corona (nCov).

Ghanbari, M. K., Behzadifar, M., Imani-Nasab, M. H., Behzadifar, M., Bakhtiari, A., Mir, I., Wu, J., & Bragazzi, N. L. (2020). The impact of the social distancing policy on COVID-19 new cases in Iran: Insights from an interrupted time series analysis. Research Square.

Haque, T., Hossain, K. M., Bhuiyan, M. M. R., Ananna, S. A., Chowdhury, S. H., Ahmed, A., & Rahman, M. M. (2020). Knowledge, attitude and practices (KAP) towards COVID-19 and assessment of risks of infection by SARS-CoV-2 among the Bangladeshi population: An online cross sectional survey. Research Square.

Hussain, A., Garima, T., Singh, B., Ram, R., & Tripti, R. (2020). Knowledge, attitudes, and practices towards COVID-19 among Nepalese residents: A quick online cross-sectional survey. Asian Journal of Medical Sciences, 11(3), 6-11.

Huynh, G., Nguyen, T. N. H, Tran, V. K., Vo, K. N., Vo, V. T., & Pham, L. A. (2020). Knowledge and attitude toward COVID-19 among healthcare workers at District 2 Hospital, Ho Chi Minh City. Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine, 13(6), 1-6.

Huynh, T. L. D. (2020). The COVID-19 risk perception: A survey on socioeconomics and media attention. Economics Bulletin, 40(1), 758-764.

Kebede, Y., Yitayih, Y., Birhanu, Z., Mekonen, S., & Ambelu, A. (2020). Knowledge, perceptions and preventive practices towards COVID-19 among Jimma University Medical Center visitors, Southwest Ethiopia. Research Square, 15(5), 1-15.

La, V. P., Pham, T. H., Ho, M. T., Nguyen, M. H., Nguyen, P. K. L., Vuong, T. T., Nguyen, T. H. K., Tran, T., Khuc, Q., Ho, M. T., & Vuong, Q. H. (2020). Policy response, social media and science journalism for the sustainability of the public health system amid the COVID-19 outbreak: The Vietnam lessons. Sustainability, 12(7), 1-27.

Le, V. T., Nghiem, M. N., Bui, T. T. T., Le, T. T. U., Nguyen, T. T. H., Nguyen, T. P. D., Le, N. T. N., Tran, T. T., Dinh, N. H. M., Nguyen, T. P., Tran, T. H., Nguyen, T. T., Thwaites, G., & Nguyen, V. V. C. (2020). Duration of viral detection in throat and rectum of a patient with COVID-19.

Li, W. H., Liu, B., Liu, M., Zhao, X. H., & Chen, Q. S. (2020). Investigation and analysis of public cognition and prevention awareness of Corona Virus Disease 2019 inside and outside Hubei Province. Journal of Jinan University, 41(2), 186-193.

Lin, Y. L., Huang, L. J., Nie, S. F., Liu, Z. Y., Yu, H. J., Yan, W. R., & Xu, Y.H. (2011). Knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAP) related to the pandemic (H1N1) 2009 among Chinese general population: A telephone survey. BMC Infectious Diseases, 11(1), 1-9.

Liu, Y. F., Liu, L. N., Wang, Y., Du, X. Y., Ma, H., & Yao, J. (2020). Clinical course and characteristics of patients with 2019 novel coronavirus disease in Wuhan, China: A single-centered, retrospective, observational study. Research Square.

Mubarak, N. (2020). Corona and clergy: The missing link for an effective social distancing in Pakistan. Time for some unpopular decisions. International Journal of Infectious Diseases, 95, 431-432

Munster, V. J., Koopmans, M., van Doremalen, N., van Riel, D., & de Wit, E. (2020). A novel coronavirus emerging in China - Key questions for impact assessment. New England Journal of Medicine, 382, 692-694.

Nazir, S. & Rashid, A. (2020). Knowledge, attitudes and practices among residents of Kashmir towards Covid-19 pandemic. International Journal of Medical Science and Innovative Research, 5(2), 130-135.

Nepal, R., Sapkota, K., Adhikari, K., Paudel, P., Adhikari, B., Paudyal, N., Sapkota, K., & Nepal, R. (2020). Knowledge, attitude and practice regarding COVID-19 among healthcare workers in Chitwan, Nepal. Research Square.

Nie, S. N., Cao, J., Tuo, A., & Zheng, Y. C. (2020). Public's status of KAP for COVID-19 and its influencing factors. Shanghai Preventive Medicine.

Nguyen, M. D., Hoang, D. H., Tran, A. T., Mai, T. L. B., Pham, H. D. & Pham, M. T. (2020). From first COVID-19 case to current outbreak: A Vietnamese report. Electronic Journal of General Medicine, 17(4), 1-4.

Nguyen, T. H., Nguyen, V. T., Ngo, T. T. H., Nghiem, V. B., Doan, T. B., Phung, T. T. H. & Nguyen, T. K. A. (2020). Outbreak investigation for COVID-19 in northern Vietnam. The Lancet Infectious Diseases, 20(5), 535-536

Novel Coronavirus Pneumonia Emergency Response Epidemiology Team. (2020). The epidemiological characteristics of an outbreak of 2019 novel coronavirus diseases (COVID-19)-China. China CDC Weekly, 2(8), 113-122.

Pawlowski, B., Atwal, R., & Dunbar, R. I. M. (2008). Sex differences in everyday risk-taking behavior in humans. Evolutionary Psychology, 6(1), 29-42.

Phan, T. L., Nguyen, V. T., Luong, C. Q., Nguyen, V. T., Nguyen, T. H., Le, Q. H., Nguyen, T. T., Cao, M. T., & Pham, D. Q. (2020). Importation and human-to-human transmission of a novel coronavirus in Vietnam. The New England Journal of Medicine, 382(9), 872-874.

Phùng, X. N. (2020). 100 câu hỏi - đáp về phòng, chống dịch bệnh covid-19 trong các cơ sở giáo dục. NXB Bộ Giáo dục và Đào tạo.

Rahman, A. & Sathi, N. J. (2020). Knowledge, attitude, and preventive practices toward COVID-19 among Bangladeshi internet users. Electronic Journal of General Medicine, 17(5), 1-6.

Rong, H., Duan, R. & Chen, X. J. (2020). Study on the rural residents’ knowledge, attitude and practice on COVID-19 and their coping styles. Journal of Chengdu Medical College, 1-7.

Shahnazi, H., Ahmadi-Livani, M., Pahlavanzadeh, B., Rajabi, A., Hamrah, M. S., & Charkazi, A. (2020). Assessing preventive health behaviors from COVID-19 based on the health belief model (HBM) among people in Golestan Province: A cross-sectional study in Northern Iran. Research Square.

Shen, J. F. (2020). Analyzing the determinants of the spread of covid-19 among the provincial regions in China. Research Square.

Trang tin về dịch bệnh viêm đường hô hấp cấp COVID-19. (2020a). Thực hiện tốt khoanh vùng, dập dịch để hạn chế lây lan dịch COVID-19 ra cộng đồng.

Trang tin về dịch bệnh viêm đường hô hấp cấp COVID-19. (2020b). Rút ngay giấy phép hiệu thuốc tăng giá khẩu trang mà không cần thanh tra.

Wogayehu, B., Taye, W., Chisha, Y. & Faraja, K. (2020). Knowledge regarding 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) infection among final year health science students at Arbaminch College of Health Sciences, Southern Ethiopia: A cross-sectional study. Research Square.

World Health Organization. (2020a). Coronavirus.

World Health Organization. (2020b). Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) Situation Report–6.

World Health Organization. (2020c). Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) Situation Report–107.

World Health Organization. (2020d). Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) – Saudi Arabia.

World Health Organization. (2020e). WHO Director-General's statement on IHR Emergency Committee on Novel Coronavirus (2019-nCoV).

Zhong, B. L., Luo, W., Li, H. M., Zhang, Q. Q., Liu, X. G., Li, W.T., & Li, Y. (2020). Knowledge, attitudes, and practices towards COVID-19 among Chinese residents during the rapid rise period of the COVID-19 outbreak: A quick online cross-sectional survey. International Journal of Biological Sciences, 16(10), 1745-1752.

Zeng, Q. & Zheng, X. F. (2018). The gender difference between conditional acquisition of disgust and fear: An ERPs investigation. Studies of Psychology and Behavior, 16(5), 624-631.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2021 Tu Phung Tran, Le Vu Dinh Phi, Diep Thanh Hoa.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Editorial Office of DLU Journal of Science
Room.15, A25 Building, 01 Phu Dong Thien Vuong Street, Dalat, Lamdong
Email: - Phone: (+84) 263 3 555 131

Creative Commons License
Based on Open Journal Systems
Developed by Information Technology Department