CHANGES IN PLASMA LEVELS OF STEROID HORMONES DURING SEXUAL MATURATION OF MALE HELICOPTER CATFISH (WALLAGO ATTU) IN CAPTIVITY
Keywords:11-Ketotestosterone, Reproductive cycle, Testis, Testosterone, Wallago attu.
In order to provide reliable indicators of the spawning season of captive helicopter catfish (Wallago attu), this study evaluated the temporal variation in gonadosomatic index (GSI), plasma levels of testosterone (T), and 11-ketotestosterone (11-KT) in male broodstock in captivity. GSI was estimated as the percentage of the relative weight of testis to total body weight. Plasma levels of sex steroids were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (EIA). Testis samples were dehydrated and embedded in paraffin, then sectioned at 5 μm thickness. The highest level of T (402.1 ± 16.7 pg/mL) was found in June, followed by a peak in 11-KT level (76.9 ± 4.7 pg/mL) in May. Testes containing the highest concentrations of spermatozoa were observed from June to August. The GSI of males increased significantly from January to June and peaked in July (2.14%). Taken together, we conclude that the spawning season of captive helicopter catfish occurs from June to August. These results will contribute to the basic knowledge of the reproductive biology of helicopter catfish, which can be useful in artificial breeding.
Adebiyi, F. A., Siraj, S. S., Harmin, S. A. & Christianus, A. (2013). Plasma sex steroid hormonal profile and gonad histology during the annual reproductive cycle of river catfish Hemibagrus nemurus (Valenciennes, 1840) in captivity. Fish Physiology and Biochemistry, 39(3), 547-557. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10695-012-9718-x
Assem, S. S., Ismail, R. F., Fahmy, A. F., El-Sayed, H. S, Al-Absawey, M. A., & Abou Shabana, N. M. (2016). Reproductive biology spermatogenesis and biochemical characteristics of male sparid fish Dentex dentex from the southeastern Mediterranean coast. The Egyptian Journal of Aquatic Research, 42(1), 99-109. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejar.2015.11.009
Billard, R., Fostier, A., Weil, C., & Breton, B. (1982). Endocrine control of spermatogenesis in teleost fish. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 39(1), 65-79. https://doi.org/10.1139/f82-009
Borg, B. (1994). Androgens in teleost fishes. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part C: Pharmacology, Toxicology, and Endocrinology, 109(3), 219-245. https://doi.org/10.1016/0742-8413(94)00063-G
Cavaco, J. E. B., Bogerd, J., Goos, H., & Schulz, R. W. (2001). Testosterone inhibits 11-ketotestosterone-induced spermatogenesis in African catfish (Clarias gariepinus). Biology of Reproduction, 65(6), 1807-1812. https://doi.org/10.1095/biolreprod65.6.1807
Chauvigné, F., Fatsini, E., Duncan, N., Ollé, J., Zanuy, S., Gómez, A., & Cerdà, J. (2016). Plasma levels of follicle-stimulating and luteinizing hormones during the reproductive cycle of wild and cultured Senegalese sole (Solea senegalensis). Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology – Part A: Molecular & Integrative Physiology, 191, 35-43. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cbpa.2015.09.015
Guerriero, G., Ferro, R., & Ciarcia, G. (2005). Correlations between plasma levels of sex steroids and spermatogenesis during the sexual cycle of the chub, Leuciscus cephalus L. (Pisces, Cyprinidae). Zoological Studies, 44(2), 228-233.
Gupta, S. (2015). Wallago attu (Bloch and Schneider, 1801), a threatened catfish of Indian waters. International Journal of Research in Fisheries and Aquaculture, 5(4), 140-142.
Gupta, S. D., Redd, P. V. G. K., Natarajan, E., Sar, U. K., Sahoo, S. K., Rath, S. C., & Dasgupta, S. (1992). On the second breeding and some aspects of culture of Wallago attu (Schneider). Journal of Aquaculture Tropics, 2, 1-6.
Hajirezaee, S., Amiri, B. M., Mehrpoosh, M., Jafaryan, H., Mirrasuli, E., & Golpour, A. (2012). Gonadal development and associated changes in gonadosomatic index and sex steroids during the reproductive cycle of cultured male and female Caspian brown trout, Salmo trutta caspius (Kessler, 1877). Journal of Applied Animal Research, 40(2), 154-162. https://doi.org/10.1080/09712119.2011.645035
Hyeon, J. Y., Hur, S. P., Kim, B. H., Byun, J. H., Kim, E. S., Lim, B. S., Lee, B. I., Kim, S. K., Takemura, A., & Kim, S. J. (2019). Involvement of estrogen and its receptors in morphological changes in the eyes of the Japanese eel, Anguilla japonica, in the process of artificially-induced maturation. Cells, 8(4), 310. https://doi.org/10.3390/cells8040310
Ismail, M. F. S., Siraj, S. S., Daud, S. K., & Harmin, S. A. (2011). Association of annual hormonal profile with gonad maturity of mahseer (Tor tambroides) in captivity. General and Comparative Endocrinology, 170(1), 125-130. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ygcen.2010.09.021
Lam, T. J. (1983). Environmental influences on gonadal activity in fish. In W. S. Hoar, D. J. Randall, & E.M. Donaldson (Eds.), Fish Physiology, Vol. 9, Part B (pp. 65-116). Academic Press. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1546-5098(08)60302-7
Lilabati, H., & Vishwanath, W. (1996). Nutritional quality of freshwater catfish (Wallago attu) available in Manipur, India. Food Chemistry, 57(2), 197-199. https://doi.org/10.1016/0308-8146(95)00187-5
Lintelmann, J., Katayama, A., Kurihara, N., Shore, L., & Wenzel, A. (2003). Endocrine disruptors in the environment. Pure and Applied Chemistry, 75(5), 631-681. https://doi.org/10.1351/pac200375050631
Manosroi, A., Meng-Umphan, K., & Manosroi, J. (2003). Annual sex hormonal profiles, gonad development and age determination of the Mekong giant catfish (Pangasianodon gigas, Chevey). Aquaculture Research, 34(15), 1379-1385. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2109.2003.00955.x
Mommsen, P. T., & Walsh, P. J. (1988). Vitellogenesis and oocyte assembly. In W. S. Hoar, & D. J. Randall (Eds.), Fish Physiology, Vol. 11, Part A (pp. 347-406). Academic Press. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1546-5098(08)60202-2
Mylonas, C. C., Fostier, A., & Zanuy, S. (2010). Broodstock management and hormonal manipulations of fish reproduction. General and Comparative Endocrinology, 165(3), 516-534. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ygcen.2009.03.007
Nagahama, Y., Miura, T., & Kobayashi, T. (1994). The onset of spermatogenesis in fish. Ciba Foundation Symposium, 182, 255-267. https://doi.org/10.1002/9780470514573.ch14
Nunes, C., Silva, A., Soares, E., & Ganias, K. (2011). The use of hepatic and somatic indices and histological information to characterize the reproductive dynamics of Atlantic sardine Sardina pilchardus from the Portuguese coast. Marine and Coastal Fisheries, 3(1), 127-144. https://doi.org/10.1080/19425120.2011.556911
Palma, P., Takemura, A., Libunao, G. X., Superio, J., de Jesus-Ayson, E. G., Ayson, F., Nocillado, J., Dennis, L., Chan, J., Truong, Q. T., Nguyen, H. N., & Elizur, A. (2019). Reproductive development of the threatened giant grouper Epinephelus lanceolatus. Aquaculture, 509, 1-7. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aquaculture.2019.05.001
Parameswaran, S., Kumariah, P., & Sukumaran, P. K. (1988). Breeding of the riverine catfish, Wallago attu (Schneider) by hormone stimulation. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, India (B), 58(4), 621-623.
Patra, M. K., Acharjee, S. K., & Chakraborty, S. K. (2005). Conservation categories of siluroid fishes in North-East Sundarbans, India. Biodiversity Conservation, 14(8), 1863-1876. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10531-004-1041-0
Pham, H. Q., & Le, H. M. (2020). Seasonal changes in three indices of gonadal maturation in male golden rabbitfish (Siganus guttatus): Implications for artificial propagation. Fish Physiology and Biochemistry, 46, 1111-1120. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10695-020-00776-x
Prasad, H., & Desai, A. Y. (2020). Fecundity, spawning, and ova diameter of the Wallago attu from Bhadar reservoir of Gujarat, India. Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies, 8(4), 540-542.
Schulz, R. W., de França, L. R., Lareyre, J. J., Le Gac, F., Chiarini-Garcia, H., Nobrega, R. H., & Miura, T. (2010). Spermatogenesis in fish. General and Comparative Endocrinology, 165(3), 390-411. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ygcen.2009.02.013
Shendge, A. N., Mane, U. H., & Pawar, B. A. (2010). Gonadosomatic index and spawning season in freshwater catfish Wallago attu (Bloch and Schneider) from Maharashtra. Journal of Experimental Zoology, India, 13, 87-89.
Soletchnik, P. (1984). Aspects of nutrition and reproduction in Siganus guttatus with emphasis on application to aquaculture. Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center.
Xie, X., Nóbrega, R., & Pšenička, M. (2020). Spermatogonial stem cells in fish: Characterization, isolation, enrichment, and recent advances of in vitro culture systems. Biomolecules, 10(4), 644. https://doi.org/10.3390/biom10040644
Zohar, Y., Muñoz-Cueto, J. A., Elizur, A., & Kah, O. (2010). Neuroendocrinology of reproduction in teleost fish. General and Comparative Endocrinology, 165(3), 438-455. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ygcen.2009.04.017
Zutshi, B., & Murthy, P. S. (2001). Ultrastructural changes in testis of gobiid fish Glossogobius giuris (Ham) induced by fenthion. Indian Journal of Experimental Biology, 39(2), 170-173. http://nopr.niscair.res.in/handle/123456789/23653
Volume and Issues
Copyright & License
Copyright (c) 2022 Vo Duc Nghia, Le Thi Thu An, Chau Ngoc Phi, Nguyen Van Huy
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.